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Title 24

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Article 75

FUNDS – LEGAL INVESTMENTS

24-75-601. Definitions.

          As used in this part 6, unless the context otherwise requires:

(1) "Public entity" means the state of Colorado; any institution, agency, instrumentality, authority, county, municipality, city and county, district, or other political subdivision of the state, including any school district and institution of higher education; any institution, department, agency, instrumentality, or authority of any of the foregoing, including any county or municipal housing authority; any local government investment pool organized pursuant to part 7 of this article; any public entity insurance pool organized pursuant to state law; and any other entity, organization, or corporation formed by intergovernmental agreement or other contract between or among any of the foregoing.

(2) "Public funds" means any funds in the custody, possession, or control of a public entity; any funds over which a public entity has investment control; any funds over which a public entity would have investment control but for the entity's delegation of that control to another person; and any funds over which another person exercises investment control on behalf of or for the benefit of a public entity. "Public funds" includes, but is not limited to, proceeds of the sale of securities of a public entity and proceeds of certificates of participation or other securities evidencing rights in payments to be made by a public entity under a lease, lease-purchase agreement, or other similar arrangement, regardless of whether such proceeds are held by the public entity, a third-party trustee, or any other person. "Public funds" shall not include funds invested by the public employees' retirement association created in article 51 of this title or any other funds invested for employee retirement or pensions. "Public funds" shall also not include trusts managed on behalf of the board of education of a school district coterminous with a city and county for the benefit of a retiree's health insurance and teacher compensation.

(2.5) (Deleted by amendment, L. 2006, p. 551, § 2, effective August 7, 2006.)

(3) "Security" means any bill, note, bond, bankers' acceptance, commercial paper, repurchase agreement, reverse repurchase agreement, securities lending agreement, guaranteed investment contract, guaranteed interest contract, annuity contract, funding agreement, certificate of indebtedness or other evidence of indebtedness, or interest in any of the foregoing. No foregoing instrument shall be convertible to equity or represent any equity interest. All foregoing instruments shall be denominated in the currency of the United States.

24-75-601.1. Legal investments of public funds. 

         (1) It is lawful to invest public funds in any of the following securities:

(a) Any security issued by, fully guaranteed by, or for which the full credit of the United States treasury is pledged for payment and, notwithstanding paragraph (a) of subsection (1.3) of this section, inflation indexed securities issued by the United States treasury. The period from the date of settlement of this type of security to its maturity date shall be no more than five years unless the governing body of the public entity authorizes investment for a period in excess of five years.

(b) (I) Any security issued by, fully guaranteed by, or for which the full credit of the following is pledged for payment: The federal farm credit bank, the federal land bank, a federal home loan bank, the federal home loan mortgage corporation, the federal national mortgage association, the export-import bank, the Tennessee valley authority, the government national mortgage association, the world bank, or an entity or organization that is not listed in this paragraph (b) but that is created by, or the creation of which is authorized by, legislation enacted by the United States congress and that is subject to control by the federal government that is at least as extensive as that which governs an entity or organization listed in this paragraph (b). The period from the date of settlement of this type of security to its maturity date shall be no more than five years unless the governing body of the public entity authorizes investment for a period in excess of five years.

(II)  No subordinated security may be purchased pursuant to this paragraph (b).

(c) (Deleted by amendment, L. 2006, p. 552, § 3, effective August 7, 2006.)

(d) (I) Any security that is a general obligation of any state of the United States, the District of Columbia, or any territorial possession of the United States or of any political subdivision, institution, department, agency, instrumentality, or authority of any of such governmental entities.

(II) No security may be purchased pursuant to this paragraph (d) unless:

(A) At the time of purchase, the security is rated in one of its two highest rating categories by two or more nationally recognized organizations that regularly rate such obligations.

(B) (Deleted by amendment, L. 2006, p. 552, § 3, effective August 7, 2006.)

(C) The period from the date of settlement of this type of security to its maturity date shall be no more than three years unless the governing body of the public entity authorizes investment for a period in excess of three years.

(e) (I) Any security that is a revenue obligation of any state of the United States, the District of Columbia, or any territorial possession of the United States or of any political subdivision, institution, department, agency, instrumentality, or authority of any of such governmental entities.

(II) No security may be purchased pursuant to this paragraph (e) unless, at the time of purchase, the security is rated in its highest rating category by two or more nationally recognized organizations that regularly rate such obligations.

(III) The period from the date of settlement of this type of security to its maturity date shall be no more than three years.

(f) and (g) (Deleted by amendment, L. 2006, p. 552, § 3, effective August 7, 2006.)

(h) Any security of the investing public entity or any certificate of participation or other security evidencing rights in payments to be made by the investing public entity under a lease, lease-purchase agreement, or similar arrangement;

(h.5) Any certificate of participation or other security evidencing rights in payments to be made by a school district under a lease, lease-purchase agreement, or similar arrangement if the security, at the time of purchase, carries at least two credit ratings from any of the nationally recognized credit rating agencies and is rated at or above "A" by all such credit agencies that have provided a rating;

(i) Any interest in any local government investment pool organized pursuant to part 7 of this article;

(j) The purchase of any repurchase agreement concerning any securities referred to in paragraph (a) or (b) of this subsection (1) that can otherwise be purchased under this section if all of the conditions of subparagraphs (I) to (VI) of this paragraph (j) are met:

(I) The securities subject to the repurchase agreement must be marketable.

(II) The title to or a perfected security interest in such securities along with any necessary transfer documents must be transferred to the investing public entity or to a custodian acting on behalf of the investing public entity.

(III) Such securities must be actually delivered versus payment to the public entity's custodian or to a third-party custodian or third-party trustee for safekeeping on behalf of the public entity.

(IV) The collateral securities of the repurchase agreement must be collateralized at no less than one hundred two percent and marked to market no less frequently than weekly.

(V) The securities subject to the repurchase agreement may have a maturity in excess of five years.

(VI) The period from the date of settlement of a repurchase agreement to its maturity date shall be no more than five years unless the governing body of the public entity authorizes investment for a period in excess of five years.

(j.5) Any reverse repurchase agreement concerning any securities referred to in paragraph (a) or (b) of this subsection (1) that can otherwise be purchased under this section if all of the conditions of subparagraphs (I) to (VII) of this paragraph (j.5) are met:

(I) Any necessary transfer documents must be transferred to the investing public entity.

(II) Cash must be received by the investing public entity or a custodian acting on behalf of the investing public entity in a deliver versus payment settlement.

(III) The cash received from a reverse repurchase agreement must be collateralized at no more than one hundred and five percent and marked to market no less frequently than weekly.

(IV) The repurchase agreement is not greater than ninety days in maturity from the date of settlement unless the governing body of the public entity authorizes investment for a period in excess of ninety days.

(V) The counter-party meets the credit conditions of an issuer that would qualify under paragraph (m) of this subsection (1).

(VI) The value of all securities reversed under this paragraph (j.5) does not exceed eighty percent of the total deposits and investments of the public entity.

(VII) No securities are purchased with the proceeds of the reverse repurchase agreement that are greater in maturity than the term of the reverse repurchase agreement.

(j.7) A securities lending agreement in which the public entity lends securities in exchange for securities authorized for investment in this section, if all of the following conditions are met:

(I) Any necessary transfer documents must be transferred to the investing public entity.

(II) Securities must be received by the investing public entity or a custodian acting on behalf of the investing public entity in a simultaneous settlement.

(III) The securities received in the securities lending agreement must be no less than one hundred two percent of the value of the securities lent and marked to market no less frequently than weekly.

(IV) The counter-party meets the conditions of an issuer specified in paragraph (m) of this subsection (1).

(V) In the case of a local government, the securities lending agreement shall be approved and designated by written resolution adopted by a majority vote of the governing body of the local government, which resolutions shall be recorded in its minutes.

(k) Any money market fund that is registered as an investment company under the federal "Investment Company Act of 1940", as amended, if, at the time the investing public entity invests in such fund:

(I) The investment policies of the fund include seeking to maintain a constant share price;

(II) No sales or load fee is added to the purchase price or deducted from the redemption price of the investments in the fund and no fee may be charged unless the governing body of the public entity authorizes such a fee at the time of the initial purchase;

(III) The investments of the fund consist only of securities with a maximum remaining maturity as specified in rule 2a-7 under the federal "Investment Company Act of 1940", as amended, or any successor regulation under such act regulating money market funds, so long as such rule 2a-7 is not amended to, or such successor regulation does not, increase the maximum remaining maturity of such securities to a period that is greater than three years, and if the fund has assets of one billion dollars or more, or has the highest current credit rating from one or more nationally recognized organizations that regularly rate such obligations.

(IV) The dollar-weighted average portfolio maturity of the fund meets the requirements specified in rule 2a-7 under the federal "Investment Company Act of 1940", as amended, or any successor regulation under such act regulating money market funds, so long as such rule 2a-7 is not amended to increase the dollar-weighted average portfolio maturity of a fund to a period greater than one hundred eighty days.

(l) (I) Any guaranteed investment contract, guaranteed interest contract, annuity contract, or funding agreement if, at the time the contract or agreement is entered into, the long-term credit rating, financial obligations rating, claims paying ability rating, or financial strength rating of the party, or of the guarantor of the party, with whom the public entity enters the contract or agreement is, at the time of issuance, rated in one of the two highest rating categories by two or more nationally recognized securities rating agencies that regularly issue such ratings.

(II) (Deleted by amendment, L. 2004, p. 950,  7, effective May 21, 2004.)

(III) (A) Except as provided in sub-subparagraph (B) of this subparagraph (III), the contracts or agreements purchased under this paragraph (l) shall not have a maturity period greater than three years.

(B) Contracts or agreements with a maturity period greater than three years shall only be purchased with proceeds of the sale of securities of a public entity and proceeds of certificates of participation or other securities evidencing rights in payments to be made by a public entity under a lease, lease-purchase agreement, or other similar arrangement or if purchased by revenues pledged to the payment of such securities or certificates; except that no contract or agreement may be purchased pursuant to this paragraph (l) with the proceeds of any of the foregoing that are held in an escrow or otherwise for the purpose of refunding bonds or other obligations of a public entity.

(m) (I)  Any corporate or bank security that is denominated in United States dollars, that matures within three years from the date of settlement, that at the time of purchase carries at least two credit ratings from any of the nationally recognized statistical ratings organizations, and that is not rated below:

(A)  "A1, P1, or F1" or their equivalents by either rating used to fulfill the requirements of this subparagraph (I) if the security is a money market instrument such as commercial paper or bankers' acceptance; or

(B) "AA- or Aa3" or their equivalents by either rating used to fulfill the requirements of this subparagraph (I) if the security is any other kind of security.

(II) At no time shall the book value of a public entity's investment in notes evidencing a debt pursuant to this paragraph (m) exceed the following:

(A) Fifty percent of the book value of the public entity's investment portfolio unless the governing body of the public entity authorizes a greater percent of such book value; or

(B) Five percent of the book value of the public entity's investment portfolio if the notes are issued by a single corporation or bank unless the governing body of the public entity authorizes a greater percent of such book value.

(III)  No subordinated security may be purchased pursuant to this paragraph (m). No security issued by a corporation or bank that is not organized and operated within the United States may be purchased pursuant to this paragraph (m) unless the governing body of the public entity authorizes investment in such securities.

(n) (Deleted by amendment, L. 2006, p. 552, § 3, effective August 7, 2006.)

(1.3) (a) Except as provided in paragraph (a) of subsection (1) of this section and except as provided in paragraph (b) of this subsection (1.3), public funds shall not be invested in any security on which the coupon rate is not fixed, or a schedule of specific fixed coupon rates is not established, from the time the security is settled until its maturity date, other than shares in qualified money market mutual funds, unless the coupon rate is:

(I) Established by reference to the rate on a United States treasury security with a maturity of one year or less or to the United States dollar London interbank offer rate of one year or less maturity, or to the cost of funds index or the prime rate as published by the federal reserve; and

(II) Expressed as a positive value of the referenced index plus or minus a fixed number of basis points.

(b) A municipal index may be used for the investment of bond or note accounts from issues with coupons linked to the same index.

(c) For purposes of this section, "maturity date" means the last possible date, barring default, that principal can be repaid to the purchaser.

(1.5) Any firm that sells any financial instrument that fails to comply with the provisions of this section to any public entity in the state of Colorado shall, upon demand of the public entity through the state treasurer, repurchase such instruments for the greater of the original purchase principal amount or the original face value, plus any and all accrued interest, within one business day of the demand.

(2) Investments made pursuant to this section shall be made in conformance with the standard set forth in section 15-1-304, C.R.S.

(2.3) Public entities shall adopt criteria designating eligible broker-dealers for the purchase of term securities, except for bond proceed investments, under this section.

(2.5) (a) If a public entity invests public moneys through an investment firm offering for sale corporate stocks, bonds, notes, debentures, or a mutual fund that contains corporate securities, the investment firm shall disclose, in any research or other disclosure documents provided in support of the securities being offered, to the public entity whether the investment firm has an agreement with a for-profit corporation that is not a government-sponsored enterprise, whose securities are being offered for sale to the public entity and because of such agreement the investment firm:

(I) Had received compensation for investment banking services within the most recent twelve months; or

(II) May receive compensation for investment banking services within the next three consecutive months.

(b) For the purposes of this subsection (2.5), "investment firm" means a bank, brokerage firm, or other financial services firm conducting business within this state, or any agent thereof.

(3) Nothing in this section is intended to limit:

(a) The power of any public entity to invest any public funds in any security or other investment permitted to such public entities under any other valid law of the state; or

(b) The power of any home rule city, city and county, town, or county to invest any public funds in any security or other investment permitted under the charter or ordinance of such home rule city, city and county, town, or county; or

(c) The authority of the state board of regents to invest any funds available to the board in any security or other investment otherwise provided by law.

(3.5) (Deleted by amendment, L. 2006, p. 552, § 3, effective August 7, 2006.)

(4) Nothing in this section is intended to apply to public funds held or invested as part of any pension plan, full or supplemental retirement plan, or deferred compensation plan.

24-75-601.2. Prior investments valid. 

        Nothing in this article shall be construed so as to invalidate any legal investment made prior to July 1, 1989. Such investments shall continue to be authorized through their dates of maturity.

24-75-601.3. Remedial actions - investments not made in conformance with statute. 

        The audit of the financial statements of public entities required by part 6 of article 1 of title 29, C.R.S., shall, in addition to all other requirements, include a supplemental listing of all investments held by the public entity at the date of the financial statement. The public entity shall divest itself of any investment which is not included as a lawful investment in section 24-75-601.1 or other statutory authority within six months of the initial disclosure of the existence of such investment.

24-75-601.4. Liability of officials of public entities. 

       Elected or appointed officials or employees of public entities who, in the good faith performance of their duties as public officials, comply with the standards established in this part 6 for the investment of public funds in securities shall not be liable for any loss of public funds resulting from such investment.

24-75-601.5. Liability for sale of unlawful investments to public entities. 

        (1) Any person who sells or causes to be sold to a public entity any investment which is not a lawful investment for such public entity pursuant to section 24-75-601.1 or other authority, and who knew or should have known that said investment was not a lawful investment, shall be liable to such public entity for any loss of investment principal resulting from such investment and, in addition, shall be liable for any reasonably foreseeable costs resulting from such loss, including but not limited to:

(a) Attorney fees; and

(b) Interest on the principal which would have resulted from the investment of said principal on the day the unlawful investment was made in one-year United States treasury bills at the market yield on such bills on such day.

24-75-602. Bonds of housing authority as legal investments. 

        Notwithstanding any restrictions on investments contained in any laws of this state, all banks, bankers, trust companies, savings banks and institutions, savings and loan associations, investment companies, and other persons carrying on a banking business and all insurance companies, insurance associations, and other persons carrying on an insurance business may legally invest any sinking funds, moneys, or other funds belonging to them or within their control in any bonds or other obligations issued by a housing authority pursuant to the "Housing Authorities Law", part 2 of article 4 of title 29, C.R.S., or issued by any public housing authority or agency in the United States when such bonds or other obligations are secured by a pledge of annual contributions to be paid by the United States government or any agency thereof, and such bonds and other obligations shall be authorized security for all public deposits. It is the purpose of this section to authorize any persons, firms, corporations, and associations, public or private, to use any funds owned or controlled by them, including, but not limited to, sinking, insurance, investment, retirement, compensation, pension, and trust funds, and funds held on deposit, for the purchase of any such bonds or other obligations. Public entities, as defined in section 24-75-601 (1), may invest public funds in such bonds or other obligations only if said bonds or other obligations satisfy the investment requirements established in this part 6. Nothing contained in this section shall be construed as relieving any person, firm, or corporation from any duty of exercising reasonable care in selecting securities.

24-75-603. Depositories. 

        (1) It is lawful for the state of Colorado and any of its institutions and agencies, counties, municipalities, and districts; any other political subdivision of the state; any department, agency, or instrumentality thereof; or political or public corporation of the state; and any bank, savings and loan association, credit union, fraternal benefit society, trust deposit and security company, trust company, or other financial institution operating under the laws of this state having funds in their possession or custody, respectively, to deposit, or cause to be deposited either by or through the treasurer or such other custodian of funds as may be appointed, such funds so eligible for investment in any state bank, national bank, or state or federal savings and loan association in Colorado that is, at the time the deposit is made, a member of the federal deposit insurance corporation or its successor to the extent that the deposit is insured by the federal deposit insurance corporation or its successor or is secured by pledge of eligible collateral as required by statute.

(2) Notwithstanding any provisions of law of this state or any rule or requirement of any political subdivision thereof requiring security for deposits in the form of collateral, surety bond, or any other form, such security for deposits of public funds shall not be required to the extent said deposits are insured by the federal deposit insurance corporation or its successor.

(3) Repealed.

(4) In lieu of or in addition to other statutory authorization for the investment of public funds, any public funds that are not needed for current operating expenses may be invested in accordance with the following conditions:

(a) The public funds shall initially be placed by the public entity in a bank or savings and loan association located in this state that is an eligible public depository certified by the state banking board or the state financial services board that offers federal deposit insurance corporation insurance on its deposits;

(b) The selected eligible public depository simultaneously shall arrange for the deposit of any public funds initially placed in such eligible public depository that are in excess of the amount insured by the federal deposit insurance corporation, or its successor, in one or more certificates of deposit fully insured by the federal deposit insurance corporation in one or more other banks or savings and loan associations wherever located in the United States, for the account of the public entity;

(c) At the same time the public funds are deposited and the certificates of deposit are issued for the benefit of the public entity, the eligible public depository shall receive an amount of deposits from customers of other banks or savings and loan associations equal to the amount of the public funds initially placed by the public entity;

(d) Each such certificate of deposit shall be insured by the federal deposit insurance corporation;

(e) The selected eligible public depository shall act as custodian for the public entity with respect to the certificates of deposit issued for the public entity's account;

(f) Public funds invested in accordance with paragraphs (a) to (e) of this subsection (4) are not subject to the collateralization, requirements, or restrictions of article 10.5 of title 11, C.R.S., except for certification as an eligible public depository as provided in paragraph (a) of this subsection (4); and

(g) Banks and savings and loan associations that accept public funds for the purposes of investing them in accordance with paragraphs (a) to (e) of this subsection (4) are not subject to the additional requirements or restrictions of article 10.5 of title 11, C.R.S., except for certification as an eligible public depository as provided in paragraph (a) of this subsection (4).

24-75-604. Investments in bonds issued by member institutions of the farm credit system. 

        All savings banks, insurance companies, assurance, casualty, fidelity, and guaranty companies, and savings and loan associations which are permitted or directed by the laws of the state of Colorado to invest any of their moneys or deposits in securities may invest such moneys or deposits in bonds issued by any federal land bank or joint-stock land bank organized pursuant to an act of congress known as the "Farm Credit Act of 1971", and acts amendatory thereto. Such bonds shall be accepted as security for all public deposits and in all cases where bonds are required by law to be deposited with any department or public official of the state of Colorado; but this section shall not be so construed as to prohibit such moneys or deposits from being invested in such other securities as are provided for by law.

24-75-605. Legal investments - cities of twenty-five thousand or more population - limitation in class of investments. 

        (1) Whenever cities having a population of twenty-five thousand or more, as determined by the last preceding federal decennial census, have moneys in policemen's or firefighters' pension funds, or other special funds of said cities, including pension, endowment, and trust funds, whether or not administered by a board or similar authority, it is lawful to invest or reinvest these moneys as set forth in this section if the authorization to invest moneys as provided in this section does not affect the administration of or control over the various funds, to wit:

(a) Class 1. Bonds or warrants of the United States, the state of Colorado, or in the bonds of any other state of the United States;

(b) Class 2. General obligation bonds of any city, town, or school district of the state of Colorado, the valuation for assessment of which city, town, or school district in the year next preceding the year in which such bonds may be purchased equals or exceeds two million dollars;

(c) Class 3. Obligations secured by first liens on real estate or by pledge of specific income or revenue and issued, insured, or guaranteed by any agency or instrumentality of the United States or the state of Colorado;

(d) Class 4. Notes, bonds, or debentures which are direct obligations of United States corporations engaged in the production, transportation, distribution, or sale of electricity or gas, or the operation of telephone or telegraph systems or water works, or any combination of them, which, at the time of purchase, are designated as investment grade securities by any two nationally recognized investment services as may, from time to time, be designated by the city council;

(e) Class 5. In share certificates for savings accounts in any state or federally chartered savings and loan association in Colorado if said association is a member of the federal deposit insurance corporation or its successor and further if the full amount of each account is insured by the federal deposit insurance corporation or its successor; and in any time certificate of deposit or savings account in any state or national bank in Colorado, which certificates of deposit or savings accounts are fully insured by the federal deposit insurance corporations or its successor;

(f) Class 6. In stocks, preferred or common, or bonds of corporations, created or existing under the laws of the United States, or any state, district, or territory thereof, which, at the time of purchase, are listed on a national stock exchange in the United States.

(2) Investments under this section shall be limited in their acquisition and retention in the above classes of securities so that the aggregate of all investments in each separate fund at any time shall be as follows:

(a) Classes 1, 2, and 3, or any combination thereof, up to any amount but not less than seventy percent;

(b) Class 4. In any amount not to exceed thirty percent;

(c) Class 5. In any amount that is fully insured by the federal deposit insurance corporation or its successor.

(3) The legal investments in this section authorized for cities having a population of twenty-five thousand or more shall be in addition to those investments otherwise by law authorized for said cities.

(4) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (2) of this section, investments of firefighters' pension funds shall be limited in their acquisition and retention in the classes of securities set forth in subsection (1) of this section so that the aggregate of all investments in each separate fund at any time shall be as follows:

(a) Classes 1, 2, and 3, or any combination thereof, up to any amount but not less than fifty percent;

(b) Class 4. In any amount not to exceed fifty percent, but not more than fifty percent of such class 4 aggregate may be invested in class 4 notes, bonds, or debentures which are convertible into shares of common stock or in common stocks of such class 4;

(c) Class 6. In any amount not to exceed fifty percent;

(d) As a further limitation thereon, in any amount not to exceed seven percent or one hundred thousand dollars, whichever is the greater, of any one issue valued at the time of purchase;

(e) In no event shall any investment be made in the common or preferred stock, or both, of any single corporation in an amount in excess of five percent of the then book value of the assets of the retirement fund.

PART 7

INVESTMENT FUNDS – LOCAL GOVERNMENT POOLING

24-75-701. Definitions. 

        As used in this part 7, unless the context otherwise requires:

(1) "Administrator" means the administrator of a local government investment pool trust fund created pursuant to section 24-75-703.

(2) "Board" or "board of trustees" means the board of trustees composed of members that are selected from among the treasurers or other local officials empowered to invest the funds of local governments pursuant to section 24-75-703 (2), and any other independent and unaffiliated trustees named by such members.

(3) "Custodian" means a designee located in the state of Colorado, with authority, including control, over public funds of a local government investment pool trust fund. For purposes of this subsection (3), "control" includes possession of public funds of a local government investment pool trust fund, as well as the authority to establish accounts for such public funds in banks and to make deposits, withdrawals, or disbursements of such public funds. If the exercise of authority over such public funds requires action by or the consent of two or more putative custodians, then such custodians shall be treated as one custodian with respect to such public funds.

(4) "Financial institution" means an institution, with its primary place of business in this state and authorized by its charter to exercise fiduciary powers, that is a state bank, a savings and loan association, or a trust company chartered by this state, a national bank organized or chartered under chapter 2 of title 12 of the United States Code, or a federal savings and loan association organized or chartered under chapter 12 of title 12 of the United States Code.

(5) (a) "Investment adviser" means, except as provided in paragraph (b) of this subsection (5), any person who, for compensation, engages in the business of advising others, either directly or through publications or writings, as to the value of securities or as to the advisability of investing in, purchasing, or selling securities or who, for compensation and as part of a regular business, issues or promulgates analyses or reports concerning securities. "Investment adviser" also includes financial planners and other persons who, as an integral component of other financially related services, provide such investment advisory services to a local government investment pool trust fund for compensation or who hold themselves out as providing investment advisory services to a local government investment pool trust fund for compensation.

(b) "Investment adviser" does not include:

(I) A publisher of any bona fide newspaper, magazine, or business or financial publication with a regular and paid circulation; a publisher of any securities advisory newsletter with a regular and paid circulation which does not provide advice to subscribers on their specific investment situations; or any author of material included in any such newspaper, magazine, publication, or newsletter who does not otherwise come within the definition of an "investment adviser" or "investment adviser representative";

(II) An investment adviser representative;

(III) A broker-dealer or sales representative for a broker-dealer licensed by the securities commissioner whose performance of investment advisory services is solely incidental to the conduct of its business as a broker-dealer and who receives no special compensation for such services;

(IV) A financial institution or any person employed by or directly associated with a financial institution;

(V) A lawyer, certified public accountant, professional engineer, professional geologist, or teacher, if such person:

(A) Does not take possession of the funds or securities of a local government investment pool trust fund in connection with providing investment advisory services; and

(B) Does not receive commissions or other compensation, directly or indirectly, from the sale of any security to any local government investment pool trust fund to whom such person provides advice about the value or advisability of investing in such security; and

(C) Does not engage in the business of advising a local government investment pool trust fund as to the value of securities or as to the advisability of investing in, purchasing, or selling securities and provides such advice, if at all, in a manner solely incidental to the practice of the person's profession;

(VI) Any official, employee, or representative of the United States, any state, any political subdivision of a state, or any agency or body corporate or other instrumentality thereof, acting in such person's official capacity on behalf of such entity;

(VII) Any other person or class of persons the securities commissioner designates by rule or order.

(6) "Investment adviser representative" means any individual who is a partner, officer, or director of an investment adviser, who occupies a similar status with or performs similar functions for an investment adviser, or who is employed or otherwise associated with an investment adviser, except clerical or ministerial personnel, and who:

(a) Makes any recommendations or otherwise renders advice regarding securities;

(b) Manages accounts or portfolios of clients of the investment adviser;

(c) Determines which recommendation or advice regarding securities should be given;

(d) Solicits, offers, negotiates for the sale of, or sells, investment advisory services; or

(e) Supervises employees who perform any of the duties specified in this subsection (6).

(7) "Investment advisory services" means those activities performed by a person in connection with such person's engaging in any of the activities described in paragraph (a) of subsection (5) of this section.

        (8) "Local government" means any county, city and county, town, school district, special district, or other political subdivision of the state, or any department, agency, or instrumentality thereof, or any political or public corporation of the state.

(9) "Local government investment pool trust fund" means the trust fund created pursuant to section 24-75-703, that is comprised of moneys deposited by participating local governments in such trust fund and held by a custodian.

(10) "Participating local government" means a local government that participates in a local government investment pool trust fund.

(11) "Securities commissioner" means the commissioner of securities created by section 11-51-701, C.R.S.

(12) "Trust fund" means a local government investment pool trust fund.

24-75-702. Local governments - authority to pool surplus funds. 

        (1) In accordance with the provisions of this part 7, it is lawful for any local government to pool any moneys in its treasury, which are not immediately required to be disbursed, with the same such moneys in the treasury of any other local government and to deposit such moneys in a local government investment pool trust fund in order to take advantage of short-term investments and maximize net interest earnings.

(2) Any trust fund formed pursuant to this part 7 shall be subject to part 4 of article 6 and part 2 of article 72 of this title and shall be considered a local public body for purposes of those provisions.

24-75-703. Local government investment pooling - trust method - resolution - filing requirements. 

        (1) The governing body of each local government that desires to participate in a local government investment pool trust fund shall cooperate in drafting a uniform resolution to be adopted by a majority vote of the governing body of each participating local government. The resolution shall provide for, but need not be limited to, the following:

(a) Establishment of a local government investment pool trust fund;

(b) A statement of the purposes and objectives of the trust fund, including, but not limited to:

(I) The investment objectives of the trust fund;

(II) A description of eligible trust fund investments;

(III) Credit standards for trust fund investments;

(IV) Allowable maturity ranges for trust fund investments;

(V) The portfolio concentrations permitted for each type of security owned by the trust fund; and

(VI) Supervision of the trust fund by a board of trustees composed of members that are selected from among the treasurers or other local officials empowered to invest local funds of the participating local governments and such other independent and unaffiliated trustees named by such members and, a description of the powers and duties of the board of trustees;

(c) Appointment of an administrator with its primary place of business in this state for the trust fund by the board of trustees, the manner of such administrator's appointment, and the duties of such administrator;

(d) Appointment of a custodian of the trust fund by the board of trustees and a statement of the powers and duties of the custodian and the custodial arrangements, including, but not limited to:

(I) The safekeeping practices utilized for the trust fund;

(II) Maximum and minimum account sizes;

(III) Maximum and minimum transaction sizes for deposits to and withdrawals from such accounts;(IV) Instructions for establishing accounts and making deposits to and withdrawals from such accounts; and

(V) The requirement that the primary records of the trust fund be maintained in this state.

(e) Appointment by the board of trustees of an investment adviser with its principal place of business in this state registered with the securities and exchange commission under the federal "Investment Advisers Act of 1940", or licensed as an investment adviser by the securities commissioner, or either a licensed broker-dealer with its primary place of business in this state or a financial institution to act in an advisory capacity, and a description of the duties and obligations of such adviser, advisory broker-dealer, or financial institution;

(f) The repayment from the earnings of the trust fund of costs incurred in the establishment of the trust fund;

(g) Payment of the expenses of administration from the income received from the earnings of the trust fund;

(h) Limitations, if any, on the aggregate amount of moneys which any participating local government may have on deposit in the trust fund at one time;

(i) Limitations, if any, on the period of time that the funds of any participating local government may be held in trust;

(j) Penalties upon participating local governments for early withdrawal of funds and procedures for resolving other contingencies which may jeopardize the earning potential of the trust fund; except that, any such penalty shall be payable only from earnings on the funds of the participating local government and the amount deposited by each participating local government in the trust fund;

(k) Distribution of the income from earnings of the trust fund to participating local governments on a pro rata basis;

(l) Maintenance of separate accounts for each participating local government; however, individual transactions and totals of all investments, or the share belonging to each participating local government, shall be recorded in the accounts;

(m) Annual audits of trust fund management pursuant to section 11-51-906 (4), C.R.S.;

(n) Quarterly reports to each participating local government which show the investments and the earnings thereon pursuant to section 11-51-906 (2), C.R.S.;

(o) Disclosure of administrative and associated costs incurred by the trust fund;

(p) Purchase of surety or other bonds necessary to protect the trust fund;

(q) That neither the trust fund's administrator, investment adviser, or investment adviser representative may act as a principal in the purchase of securities from or the sale of securities to the trust fund; and

(r) The method of voting of the trust membership and whether the voting shall be by each participating local government or by number of shares held by any participating local government.

(2) The securities commissioner may, by rule or order and subject to such terms and conditions as prescribed therein, waive any of the requirements set forth in subsection (1) of this section if the securities commissioner finds that the applicability of such requirements is not necessary in the public interest and for the protection of participating local governments.

(3) By separate resolution similarly adopted, the governing body of each participating local government shall authorize investment of any moneys in its treasury, which are not immediately required to be disbursed, in a local government investment pool trust fund established pursuant to this section. The resolution shall name the local government official, who may be the treasurer or other official empowered to invest local funds, responsible for deposit and withdrawal of such funds. In making such deposits and withdrawals, such official shall use prudence and care to preserve the principal and to secure the maximum rate of interest consistent with safety and liquidity. The resolution shall be filed with the board of trustees of the trust fund.

(4) Any local government which invests in a local government investment pool trust fund shall make available for public inspection the name, address, and telephone number of any such trust fund in which the local government has deposited funds, as well as the most recent information statement or prospectus provided by such trust fund describing the funds, investments, and performance, including net rate of return earned for the most recent year or quarter after deduction of administrative expenses.

24-75-704. Investments - limitations. 

        (1) The investments made with local government investment pool trust fund moneys shall be limited to those instruments which all participating local governments may individually invest in by law. The trust fund shall not be used to circumvent such statutory limitations on the investment authority of participating local government entities.

(2) In order to assure compliance with subsection (1) of this section, the securities commissioner may, by rule or order, require trust funds to be in substantial compliance with the rules and regulations regarding money market funds promulgated by the securities and exchange commission under section 270 of the federal "Investment Company Act of 1940". The securities commissioner may, by rule or order, waive or modify such rules or orders if the securities commissioner finds that their application in a particular instance is not necessary in the public interest.

24-75-705. Board of trustees - duties - liabilities. 

        (1) The board of trustees of any local government investment pool trust fund moneys authorized by this section shall invest in compliance with the requirements of this section and with that degree of judgment and care, under the circumstances then prevailing, which persons of prudence, discretion, and intelligence exercise in the management of their own affairs, not for speculation, but for investment, considering the probable safety of their capital and need for liquidity as well as the probable income to be derived.

(2) The board shall exercise the functions over which such board has substantial discretion solely in the interest of the participating local governments and for the exclusive purpose of providing earnings and defraying expenses incurred in administering the trust fund. The board shall act in accordance with the provisions of this part 7 and with the care, skill, and due diligence in light of the circumstances then prevailing that a person in like capacity and familiar with such matters would use in the conduct of an enterprise of like character and with like aims.

        (3) It is unlawful for a member of the board to engage in any activities which might result in a conflict of interest with such member's functions as a fiduciary of the trust fund.

24-75-706. Custodian - location - unlawful activities. 

        (1) It is unlawful for any custodian of a local government investment pool trust fund to:

(a) Maintain the primary records of the assets of the trust fund anywhere but within the state of Colorado;

(b) Act as a trustee, administrator, or investment adviser of the trust fund, except that a financial institution, or any person employed by or directly associated with a financial institution, acting as a custodian for a trust fund is not prohibited from also acting as administrator or in any advisory capacity for such trust fund;

(c) Effect any transaction to relinquish possession of, distribute, expend, or transfer any of the assets of the trust fund without the prior written authorization of the board, except for:

(I) The purchase or sale of authorized investments or the exchange of such assets for other assets of equal or greater value provided that such sale, purchase, or exchange is solely in the accounts of the trust fund;

(II) Distributions to participating local governments; or

(III) The payment of routine fees and expenses that have been authorized by the board of trustees in the annual budget of the trust fund; or

(d) Execute any transaction with any of the assets of the trust fund without the written instruction of the investment adviser or a financial institution acting in an advisory capacity.

(2) The custodian shall reconcile the accounts of a trust fund on a daily basis.

24-75-707. Investment adviser - duties - unlawful activities. 

        (1) An investment adviser, a broker-dealer, or a financial institution acting in an advisory capacity for a local government investment pool trust fund which contracts with the board of trustees of such trust fund shall be held to the standard of conduct set forth in section 24-75-705 with respect to those functions over which such investment adviser, broker-dealer, or financial institution has substantial discretion.

(2) It is unlawful for any investment adviser to a local government investment pool trust fund or any investment adviser representative of such investment adviser to:

(a) Act as a member of the board of trustees or custodian of that trust fund; or

(b) Maintain the primary records of the trust fund anywhere but within this state; except that, the securities commissioner may, by rule or order, and subject to such terms and conditions as prescribed therein, permit the maintenance of such records in another state if the securities commissioner finds that maintenance of such records in this state is not necessary in the public interest and for the protection of participating local governments.

(3) It is unlawful for any broker-dealer or financial institution acting in an advisory capacity to a local government investment pool trust fund or any person employed by or directly associated with a broker-dealer or financial institution acting in an advisory capacity to such a trust fund to:

(a) Act as a member of the board of trustees of that trust fund; or

(b) Maintain the primary records of the trust fund anywhere but within this state; except that, the securities commissioner may, by rule or order, and subject to such terms and conditions as prescribed therein, permit the maintenance of such records in another state if the securities commissioner finds that maintenance of such records in this state is not necessary in the public interest and for the protection of participating local governments.

24-75-708. Administrator - duties - unlawful activities. 

        (1) Every local government investment pool trust fund shall be administered by an administrator in this state appointed by the board of trustees of such pool. The administrator shall have such duties as may be prescribed by the securities commissioner by rule.

(2) It is unlawful for an administrator to:

(a) Act as a trustee or custodian of a local government investment pool trust fund, except that a financial institution, or any person employed by or directly associated with a financial institution, acting as the administrator for a trust fund is not prohibited from also acting as custodian for such trust fund; or

(b) Maintain the primary records of the trust fund anywhere but within this state; except that, the securities commissioner may, by rule or order, and subject to such terms and conditions as prescribed therein, permit the maintenance of such records in another state if the securities commissioner finds that maintenance of such records in this state is not necessary in the public interest and for the protection of participating local governments.

24-75-709. Administration and enforcement. 

        This part 7 shall be administered and enforced by the securities commissioner pursuant to section 11-51-902, C.R.S.

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